Ganesh holds auspicious objects in his hands:
In one hand He holds an ankusha (elephant goad) to remove obstacles from the path of righteousness and truth.
In another hand He holds a pasha (noose) to convey detachment from worldly desires.
Third hand holding a sweet (ladoos) is symbolic of the sweetness of the realized inner self.
In His forth hand in the form of abhaya mudra symbolizes Ganesha’s blessings and protection to those who follow the path of righteousness.